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Saturday, 30 July 2011

Weak Synchronization In Brain May Be A Marker For Autism

The biological causes of autism are still not understood. A diagnosis of autism is only possible after ages three or four and the tests are subjective, based on behavioral symptoms. Now, in research that appeared in Neuron, scientists at the Weizmann Institute of Science, Carnegie Mellon University, and the University of California, San Diego have found, for the first time, a method that can accurately identify a biological sign of autism in very young toddlers. By scanning the brain activity of sleeping children, the scientists discovered that the autistic brains exhibited significantly weaker synchronization between brain areas tied to language and communication, compared to that of non-autistic children.

Friday, 29 July 2011

Behavioral Techniques a Better Value for Chronic Migraine Than Meds

Behavioral treatments such as relaxation training, hypnosis and biofeedback to help prevent chronic migraine headaches are cost-effective alternatives to prescription drugs, a new study suggests.
Researchers compared the costs of several types of behavioral treatment with preventive prescription drugs. After six months, minimal-contact behavioral treatment was comparable with drug treatment using medicines that cost 50 cents or less per day.
In minimal-contact treatment, a patient sees a therapist a few times a year and for the most part practices the behavioral techniques at home, helped by literature or audio tapes.

Study: Blood Test Detects Early Alzheimer's

July 21, 2011 (Paris) -- Australian researchers report they're a step closer to developing a simple blood test for the early detection of Alzheimer's disease.
In early testing, the experimental screening tool proved about 85% accurate at determining the amount of Alzheimer's-associated plaque in people's brains.
If the findings can be replicated in large numbers of people, "they may lead to an economical screen that indicates whether a person is in the early stages of, or at risk of developing, Alzheimer's," says researcher Samantha Burnham, PhD, of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) in Perth, Australia.

Wednesday, 27 July 2011

Another site for physiotherapist-Physiopedia(wiki)

Physiopedia is a wiki, think Wikipedia for physiotherapists! A wiki is a collection of web pages that can be collaboratively edited with no specialist tools and very little technical know-how. As such, Physiopedia offers a place for physiotherapists throughout the world to contribute, share, and gain knowledge. The content of Physiopedia is being driven by experts and represents an evidence-based approach to patient care therfore offering opportunities for all physiotherapists to develop as professionals. Through this professional devleopment we aspire to improve patient care and make a positive contribution to global health. As a collaborative and international site, Physiopedia also works to unite physiotherapists globally to develop and promote our profession. 

useful Physiotherapy and Performance Science Resources on the Web


Tuesday, 26 July 2011

Good posture helps stave off neck

Everyone wants to avoid back trouble, but surprisingly few of us manage to escape it. Up to 80 percent of Americans experience back pain at some point in their lives, and each year 15 percent of all adults are treated for such problems as herniated discs, spinal stenosis or lumbar pain.
But back pain is notoriously difficult, and expensive, to fix.
"The treatments are varied, and we don't have great science showing what works best for particular patients," said Dr. Brook I. Martin, an instructor of orthopedic surgery at Dartmouth Medical School. "There are questions about the safety and efficacy of a surprising number of therapies, including some types of surgery."

Read more:Good posture helps stave off neck, back pain - The Denver Post
Read The Denver Post's Terms of Use of its content:

Make a Reusable Ice Bag

Many of my patients have acute injuries or swelling after surgery and frequently follow the R.I.C.E. principle to control inflammation.  This involves using rest, ice, compression, and elevation to decrease swelling.  When applying ice,most often people simply put ice in a plastic bag, seal it up and put it on their body. After a few minutes the ice melts and the bag is put back in the freezer, only to come out later as a giant ice cube. This makes it very difficult to comfortably apply the ice bag to the body again.

Here is a recipe for a homemade reusable ice pack:
Put ice cubes or chopped ice in a bag and add about two to three tablespoons of rubbing alcohol. Seal the bag, wrap it in a towel and apply it to the inflamed body part. Apply the ice for 15-20 minutes, but be sure your body doesn't get too cold. When you put the bag in the freezer, the alcohol prevents the ice from fully freezing and clumping. The ice pack can then be used over and over again.
By Brett Sears, Guide   July 16, 2011

Saturday, 23 July 2011

Improving people's memory by punishing their correct answers

A well-established finding in psychology is that successfully retrieving information from memory serves to consolidate the storage of that information. Each time your brain's filing clerk tracks down the right information, the more likely he is to find it another time. Psychologists call this the testing effect - practising retrieval of information is far more effective than simply re-studying that same material.Read more:

10 Psychological Keys to Job Satisfaction

If some job satisfaction surveys are to be believed then as many as a third of us are considering a change of job. Clearly many are finding it hard to get that feeling of satisfaction from work.
Job satisfaction is important not just because it boosts work performance but also because it increases our quality of life. Many people spend so much time at work that when it becomes dissatisfying, the rest of their life soon follows.

Friday, 22 July 2011

Memory – Not as Good as We Think

One of the more controversial topics within cognitive psychology is whether or not there are repressed memories and if so, can they accurately be recovered. In order to understand how memories might become repressed, we need to first understand the memory system.
Memory includes both learning and then some sort of recollection. We have to store information first in order to pull it back out of storage later for use. Thus, the process of memory can be affected at either of these two stages — learning or recall. If information is never learned and therefore stored, it can never be remembered. However, if information was learned but something affects the process of retrieving it from storage, then it is possible that with additional help that information could be recalled. This is the basic idea underlying repressed memories. Something was learned and put into storage but a person is not able to retrieve the memories because something is blocking them. Therefore, from what we know of the memory system, repressed memories are technically feasible.

Wednesday, 20 July 2011

Measuring Quality in therapy-Are we critically thinking?

What is quality?  How do we really know we provide quality care?
Let me ask you this– If you were looking to choose a Physical Therapist for your mom, and you could decide by comparing their initial assessment of your mother’s ability, which would you pick?

Stumbling, an early sign of Alzheimer's

A new study has found that falling down or losing balance frequently may be early indicators of Alzheimer's disease. 

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found that study participants with brain changes suggestive of early Alzheimer's disease were more likely to fall than those whose brains did not show the same changes.

Until now, falls had only been associated with Alzheimer's in the late stages of dementia. 

Read more:

Sunday, 17 July 2011

Minor Health Problems Raise Alzheimer's Risk

A runny nose, fallen arches and dentures aren’t risk factors typically associated with brain health. But new research suggests that small health problems can add up, and the combined effect can increase a person’s risk for dementia.
The findings, published on Wednesday in the journal Neurology, are based on an analysis of 7,239 people age 65 and older who took part in the Canadian Study of Health and Aging between 1992 and 2002. Investigators intentionally ignored traditional dementia risk factors like heart disease and diabetes and focused on seemingly inconsequential health issues often associated with aging, like sinus complaints, foot and ankle conditions, skin problems and trouble with vision, hearing or dental health.

Saturday, 16 July 2011

TOP 10 Tips for TOEFL Test

TOEFL® Test – Tips To Take You To The Top!

The TOEFL Test, is the most widely accepted English-language assessment used at more than 7,300 institutions in 130 countries including the U.K., U.S. and Canada. The test is divided into four sections – Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking.

Here are some pointers and resources to help you get on your way to score well for the test.

Friday, 15 July 2011

New Driving Simulator For Rehabilitation

Clemson University researchers, working with simulation technology company DriveSafety, have developed a new driving simulator designed for patient rehabilitation that now is being used at 11 Army, Navy and Veterans Affairs facilities. The program recently expanded to Europe with the addition of a driving simulator at Charite Hospital in Berlin, Germany.

Driving simulators provide patients with engaging treatment sessions in a safe environment, including practicing realistic driving skills. Therapists can work with patients on treatment areas including cognitive, perceptual and physical skills.

Virtual-Reality-Based Rehab For Parkinson's Disease Patients

In people with Parkinson's Disease (PD), the inability to make quick movements limits basic functioning in daily life. Movement can be improved by various cueing techniques, such as providing visual or auditory stimuli when movements are started. In a study scheduled for publication in the August issue of the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, researchers report that virtual reality (VR) and physical reality exercises can be used to provide effective stimuli to increase movement speeds in PD patients.

Thursday, 14 July 2011

Wii Fit a boost to occupational therapy: Study

More occupational therapists should embrace the Nintendo Wii Fit to combat physical inactivity in forensic mental health patients, according to the researcher behind a new study.

Monash University occupational therapy honours student Nicola Bacon studied the effects of the Wii Fit on a group of Victorian forensic psychiatric patients across a six-week period.
Read more:

Tuesday, 12 July 2011

First Time Ever, Patient Gets A New Trachea Made From A Synthetic Scaffold Seeded With His Own Stem Cells

In a recent breakthrough, the first successful transplantation of a synthetic tissue engineered windpipe was performed on a patient suffering from late stage tracheal cancer on June 9th 2011, at the Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge, Stockholm, by professor Paolo Macchiarini and his colleagues.
Read more:

Monday, 11 July 2011

Free course for therapists

This free 5-day email course has been specifically developed for Physical Therapists, Physiotherapists, Kinesiologists, Athletic Trainers, Occupational Therapists and Physical Therapy Assistants.
If you want to know more about treating the skeletal health of your clients, you should take this free course.

40 Free Open Courseware Classes on Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy, often abbreviated as “OT,” is a field that is defined by the people who help patients improve their ability to perform tasks in living and working environments. Occupational therapists work with patients who have permanent disabilities, elderly patients or with people who are temporarily disabled yet who need to become re-adjusted to work and home life. This work often requires a broad knowledge of the human condition across physical, emotional and mental capabilities as well as knowledge about the tools available to bring those workers back into a ‘normal’ social environment.
This list of 40 free open courseware classes focuses on those tools, from human development and barriers to that development to workplace conditions to classes on how the brain affects adaptation after injury.

Friday, 8 July 2011

Stroke Recovery Improves With Music Listening

A new study by researchers in Finland found that listening to music soon after a stroke appeared to improve patients' recovery.
The study is the work of Dr Teppo Sarkamo, a psychologist at the Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, at the University of Helsinki and at the Helsinki Brain Research Centre, and colleagues, and is to be published today, Wednesday 20th February, in the journal Brain.

Coffee Wards Off Alzheimer's

An unknown ingredient in coffee teams up with caffeine to stimulate blood levels of a critical protein called GCSF, short for granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, that appears to put off the development of Alzheimer's disease. Read more...

Tuesday, 5 July 2011

Falls Prevention

v     A fall is an event which results in a person coming to rest inadvertently on the ground or other lower level
v     An injurious fall is one which is reported to the primary health care team. There may be falls which cause substantial injury and still go unreported, but understandably there is little known about the incidence of unreported injurious falls.
v     75-80% non injurious falls are never reported to health professionals
v     Aged 65 and over- 1 in 3 women fall each year
  1 in 5 men fall each year
v     Aged 85 and over- 1 in 2 men and women fall each year
v     40% of falls in over 65’s occur in the home
v     85% of falls in the over 85’s occur in the home
v     aged 65, the most common fall in the home might be in the garden, on stairs or in the kitchen
v     85 year olds, falls tend to occur in the bedroom or bathroom
v     Frequent fallers- more than 3 times in a year
v     There is a wrist # every 9 minutes and hip # every 10 minutes in the UK

The injuries that may occur after a fall are:
ü      Fractures (approximately 96% of fractures follow a fall)
ü      Dislocations
ü      Lacerations (Cuts)
ü      Sprains
ü      Deep bruises
ü      Joint pain-leading to asymmetry
v     Six months after hip surgery only 20% regain full pre –fracture mobility
v     Fear of falling and loss of confidence in balance capabilities predict:
ü      Deterioration in functional ability
ü      Falls
ü      Fractures
ü      Admission into institutional care
v     Long lie-A lie more than one hour is associated with an increased risk of dehydration, hypothermia, pneumonia, kidney failure and pressure sores
v     Risk factors: - Intrinsic risk factors, traits of an individual that increase their risk of falling; Extrinsic risk factors are social and physical factors that relate to the external environment.

Non modifiable risk factors for falls
v     Age                                              
v     Female
v     Dementia, cognitive impairment, Alzheimer’s disease
v     Number of medical conditions
v     Foot deformities/ Poor condition of feet
v     Recent discharge from hospital
v     Impaired hearing (Menieres Disease, Tinnitus)
v     Impaired vision (macular degeneration, acuity, contrast sensitivity, adaptations to the dark)
v     Stroke
v     Transient Ischemic attacks
v     Peripheral Neuropathy
v     Malignancy
v     Heart disease
v     Parkinson’s disease

Modifiable risk Factors for Falls

  • Low strength
  • Low power
  • Poor gait/ Leg Muscles weakness
  • Poor functional ability
  • Poor balance
  • Arthritis
  • Poor coordination and reactions
  • Postural hypotension
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Urinary urgency
  • Fear of falling/ Loss of confidence
  • Need for medication review
  • Poor nutritional status; Vitamin D and calcium deficiency
Other risk factors
  • Cognitive impairment (confusion, delirium, dementia), memory loss
  • Loss of confidence, fear of falling
  • Somatosensory loss; poor skin, cuts or bruises on feet, ulcers
  • Previous history of falls
  • Depression,
  • Environmental factors; loose carpets; bathtub without handles; poor lighting; unsafe stairways; ill fitting shoes
Role of Exercise

  • Improve older people stability during standing, transferring, walking and other functional movement
  • Balance training     
  • Strengthening the muscles around the hip, knee and ankle
  • Increase the flexibility of the trunk and lower limbs
  • Relearning skills of everyday living and maintenance of upright posture during balance challenge
  • Floor coping strategies, to get up from the floor or to prevent complications associated with staying on the floor for long time
Specificity of exercise
  • To improve health and modify certain risk factors for falling, moderate physical activity is appropriate
  • To reduce injurious falls, exercise should include training in balance, strength, co-ordination and reaction times
  • To reduce fracture, exercise should include bone loading in addition to the elements outlined for reducing falls
By Amit Gupta

Monday, 4 July 2011

4 Steps To Turn Failures Into Self Confidence

Failure, we all experienced it in life one time or another.  Failure is the lack of success or a state or condition of meeting a desirable or intended objective.
If not careful, failure can be a real negative effect on your life…….if you let it.
It’s only natural that we all want to be successful in everything we do but in reality we can never win or achieve success 100% of the time, so failure becomes imminent.
Read more:

Friday, 1 July 2011

Brain-practice paves way for long-lasting memories

New study has suggested that training the brain could make a person’s memory long-lasting.
Researchers from McMaster University found that when individuals were shown visual and abstract patterns, they are able to recall very specific information from what they learned one to two years earlier.

Now, eat salt without worrying and keep heart disease at bay

How much salt to include in our diets has always been a controversial subject, but a European study has concluded that salt consumption is not dangerous and may in fact, be beneficial.